Many women have a bunion – an abnormality of the metatarsophalangeal joint at the base of the big toe. A bunion occurs when the first metatarsal bone and the foot turned out beyond the big toe points inward (toward the other toes), causing the joint to jut out. Is the Latin name for hallux valgus deformity (hallux means big toe and valgus means turning away from the midline of the body).
The most shoe does not accommodate the resulting bulge and put pressure on the joints aligned. Finally, bursa (a fluid-filled sac that surrounds and cushions the joints) become inflamed, and the whole joints become stiff and painful.
Shoes with toes are cramped could trigger a bunion, but they are not the underlying causes. Bunions run in the family, because of the type of feet is hereditary, and some types are more prone to bunions than others. the low arches, flat feet, and loose joints and tendons all increase the risk. The shape of the metatarsal head also makes a difference: if it is too round, joint less stable and more likely to change shape when squeezed into shoes with toes are cramped.
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High heels can exacerbate the problem because they are the tip of the bodyweight forward, forcing toes to the front of the shoe. This may help explain why bunions are 10 times more common in women than in men.
People in jobs such as teaching and nursing, which involves a lot of standing and walking, prone to bunions. So ballerina, whose legs suffered severe repetitive stress. Women may develop bunions and other foot problems during pregnancy because of hormonal changes loosen ligaments and leveling feet. Bunions are also associated with arthritis, which destroys the cartilage in the joint.
You may be able to reduce pain and prevent bunions from the progress with conservative measures that take the pressure of the MTP joint and improve foot mechanics. Bunions usually do not require surgery unless there is an underlying disorder not otherwise be able to be repaired or become debilitating pain despite conservative treatment.